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1)What is Crohn’s disease

Crohn’s disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease. As many as 780,000 Americans have the condition, according to the Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation (CCF).

More research about Crohn’s disease is necessary. Researchers aren’t sure how it begins, who is most likely to develop it, or how to best manage it. Despite major treatment advances in the last three decades, no cure is
available yet.

Crohn’s disease most commonly occurs in the small intestine and the colon. It can affect any part of your gastrointestinal (GI) tract, from your mouth to your anus. It can involve some parts of the GI tract and skip other parts.

The range of severity for Crohn’s is mild to debilitating. Symptoms vary and can change over time. In severe cases, the disease can lead to life-threatening flares and complications.

2)What causes Crohn’s disease

It isn’t clear what causes Crohn’s disease. However, the following factors may influence whether you get it:

  • your immune system
  • your genes
  • your environment

3)Crohn’s symptoms

The symptoms of Crohn’s disease often develop gradually. Certain symptoms may also become worse over time. Although it’s possible, it’s rare for symptoms to develop suddenly and dramatically. The earliest symptoms
of Crohn’s disease can include:

  • diarrhea
  • abdominal cramps
  • blood in your stool
  • a fever
  • fatigue
  • loss of appetite
  • weight loss
  • feeling as if your bowels aren’t empty after a bowel movement
  • feeling a frequent need for bowel movements

4)Crohn’s diagnosis

No single test result is enough for your doctor to diagnose Crohn’s disease. They will begin by eliminating any other possible causes of your symptoms. Making a Crohn’s disease diagnosis is a process of elimination.

Your doctor may use several types of tests to make a diagnosis:

    1. Blood tests can help your doctor look for certain indicators of potential problems, such as anemia and
      inflammation.
    2. A stool test can help your doctor detect blood in your GI tract.
    3. Your doctor may request an endoscopy to get a better image of the inside of your upper gastrointestinal
      tract.
    4. Your doctor may request a colonoscopy to examine the large bowel.
    5. Imaging tests like CT scans and MRI scans give your doctor more detail than an average X-ray. Both tests
      allow your doctor to see specific areas of your tissues and organs.
    6. Your doctor will likely have a tissue sample, or biopsy, taken during an endoscopy or colonoscopy for a
      closer look at your intestinal tract tissue.

5)Treatment for Crohn’s disease

A cure for Crohn’s disease isn’t currently available, but the disease can be well-managed. A variety of
treatment options exist that can lessen the severity and frequency of your symptoms.

      • Medications

Several types of medications are available to treat Crohn’s. Anti-diarrheal and anti-inflammatory drugs are
commonly used. More advanced options include biologics, which use the body’s immune system to treat the disease.

      • Anti-inflammatory drugs

The two main types of anti-inflammatory drugs doctors use to treat Crohn’s are oral 5-aminosalicylates and
corticosteroids. Anti-inflammatory drugs are often the first drugs you take for Crohn’s disease treatment.

      • Immunomodulators

An overactive immune system causes the inflammation that leads to the symptoms of Crohn’s disease. Drugs that
affect the immune system, called immunomodulators, may reduce the inflammatory response and limit your
immune system’s reaction.

      • Antibiotics

Some doctors believe antibiotics may help reduce some of the symptoms of Crohn’s and some of the possible
triggers for it.

6)Crohn’s disease diet

A diet plan that works for one person with Crohn’s disease may not work for another. This is because the disease can involve different areas of the GI tract in different people.

It’s important to find out what works best for you. This can be done by keeping track of your symptoms as you add or remove certain foods from your diet.

7)Natural treatments for Crohn’s

Many people use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for various conditions and diseases, including Crohn’s disease. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration hasn’t approved these medicines for treatment,
but many people use them in addition to mainstream medications.

Popular alternative treatments for Crohn’s disease include the following:

      • Probiotics. These are live bacteria that can help you replace and rebuild the good bacteria in your intestinal
        tract. Probiotics may also help prevent microorganisms from upsetting your gut’s natural balance and causing a
        Crohn’s flare.
      • Prebiotics. These are potentially beneficial materials found in plants, such as asparagus, bananas,
        artichokes, and leeks, that help feed the good bacteria in your gut and increase their numbers. Prebiotics are
        also available
        to buy in supplement form.
      • Fish oil. Fish oil is rich in omega-3s. According to a 2017 study, research is ongoing regarding its possible
        treatment of Crohn’s disease. Oily fish like salmon and mackerel are rich in omega-3s. You can also try fish oil
        supplements, which you can shop for online.
      • Supplements. Many people believe certain herbs, vitamins, and minerals ease the symptoms of a variety of
        diseases, including the inflammation associated with Crohn’s disease. Research is ongoing as to which
        supplements may be beneficial.

8)Crohn’s surgery

Surgery for Crohn’s disease is considered a last-resort treatment, but three-quarters of people with this Crohn’s will ultimately need some type of surgery to relieve symptoms or complications.

      • Strictureplastywidens and shortens the intestines in an attempt to reduce the effects of scarring or damage
        to the tissue.
      • During a bowel resection, portions of damaged intestine are removed. Healthy intestine is stitched together
        to reform the intestines.

9)What are the variations of Crohn’s disease

    • Gastroduodenal Crohn’s disease mainly affects your stomach and the duodenum, which is the first part of your
      small intestine. About 5 percent of people with Crohn’s disease have this type.
    • Jejunoileitis occurs in the second portion of your intestine, called the jejunum. Like gastroduodenal
      Crohn’s, this variation is less common.
    • Ileitis is inflammation in the last part of the small intestine, or ileum. About 30 percent of people with
      Crohn’s disease are affected at this location.
    • Ileocolitis affects the ileum and the colon and is the most common variation of Crohn’s. Approximately 50
      percent of people with Crohn’s disease have this variation.