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न्युमोनिया हा फुफ्फुसांमध्ये किती प्रमाणात वाढला आहे हे समजण्यासाठी HRCT मध्ये Score दिला जातो.

न्युमोनिया हा फुफ्फुसांमध्ये किती प्रमाणात वाढला आहे हे समजण्यासाठी HRCT मध्ये Score दिला जातो.

न्युमोनिया हा फुफ्फुसांमध्ये किती प्रमाणात वाढला आहे हे समजण्यासाठी HRCT मध्ये Score दिला जातो.

 हा स्कोर 0 ते 25 या दरम्यान असतो. 0 स्कोर याचा अर्थ फुफ्फुसांत न्यूमोनिया अजिबात पसरलेला नाही असा होतो तर 25 स्कोर म्हणजे न्यूमोनिया फुफ्फुसांत सर्वत्र पसरलेला आहे असा अर्थ होतो.

 25 पैकी स्कोर असताना

 कमी प्रमाणातील न्यूमोनिया — 12 पेक्षा कमी स्कोर असणे.

 मध्यम न्यूमोनिया — 12 ते 18 स्कोर असणे.

तीव्र स्वरुपाचा न्यूमोनिया — 18 पेक्षा जास्त स्कोर असणे.

फुफ्फुसे किती टक्के बाधित झाली आहेत हे कळण्यासाठी HRCT Score ला ४ ने गुणले जाते. पण ते दरवेळी बरोबर येईलच असे सांगता येत नाही.

 बऱ्याच रिपोर्ट मध्ये HRCT Score हा ४० पैकी दिला जातो त्यावेळी वरील दोन्ही नियम लागू पडत नाहीत.

Protect yourself and others from getting sick

Protect yourself and others from getting sick

Protect yourself and others from getting sick

COURTESY: GUidenline issuesd by WHO(World Health Organization) for current global pandemic situation

  •                Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing

It’s especially important to wash:

Before eating or preparing food

Before touching your face

After using the restroom

After leaving a public place

After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing

After handling your mask

After changing a diaper

After caring for someone sick

After touching animals or pets

  • If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands

 

 

 

Avoid close contact

  • Inside your home: Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
    • If possible, maintain 6 feet between the person who is sick and other household members.
  • Outside your home: Put 6 feet of distance between yourself and people who don’t live in your household.
    • Remember that some people without symptoms may be able to spread virus.
    • Stay at least 6 feet (about 2 arms’ length) from other people.
    • Keeping distance from others is especially important for people who are at higher risk of getting very sick

Cover your mouth and nose with a mask when around others

  • You could spread COVID-19 to others even if you do not feel sick.
  • The mask is meant to protect other people in case you are infected.
  • Everyone should wear a mask in public settings and when around people who don’t live in your household, especially when other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain.
    • Masks should not be placed on young children under age 2, anyone who has trouble breathing, or is unconscious, incapacitated or otherwise unable to remove the mask without assistance.
  • Do NOT use a mask meant for a healthcare worker. Currently, surgical masks and N95 respirators are critical supplies that should be reserved for healthcare workers and other first responders.
  • Continue to keep about 6 feet between yourself and others. The mask is not a substitute for social distancing
How to Use a Face Mask

How to Use a Face Mask

How to Use a Face Mask

 

face mask often helps people feel protected But a surgical face mask keep you from being exposed to or transmitting certain infectious diseases.

 

What is a surgical face mask

Surgical mask is a loose-fitting, disposable mask that’s rectangular in shape. The mask is elastic bands or ties that can be looped behind in ears or tied behind in head to hold it in place.

The surgical mask’s three layers work as:

  • The inner layer absorbs moisture and sweat from exhaled air.
  • The middle layer filters certain pathogens.
  • The outer layer repels water, blood, and other body fluids.

 

How to put on a surgical mask

 

following steps you follow

  • Before putting the mask, wash your hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water, or rub your hands with alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Check for defects in the face mask, such as tears or broken loops.
  • Position the colored side of the mask outward.
  • Be sure the mask fits snugly.
  • Don’t touch the mask once in position.

 

What not to do when wearing a surgical mask

 

  • touch the mask once it’s secured on your face, as it might have pathogens on it
  • dangle the mask from one ear
  • hang the mask around your neck
  • crisscross the ties
  • reuse single-use masks

 

How to remove a surgical mask

 

  • Before you take off the mask, wash your hands well or use hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid touching the mask itself, as it could be contaminated. Hold it by the loops, ties, or bands only.
  • Holding the mask loops, ties, or bands, discard the mask by placing it in a covered
  • After removing the mask, wash your hands thoroughly or use hand sanitizer.
Heart Disease

Heart Disease

heart disease

 

Heart disease doesn’t discriminate. It’s the leading cause of death for several populations, including Caucasians, Hispanics,

 

different types of heart disease

 

  • Heart infections. Heart infections may be caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites.
  • Cardiomyopathy. This condition causes the heart’s muscles to harden or grow weak.
  • Arrhythmia. An arrhythmia is a heart rhythm abnormality.
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD is caused by the buildup of plaque in the heart’s arteries. It’s sometimes called ischemic heart disease.
  • Atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a hardening of the arteries.
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD is caused by the buildup of plaque in the heart’s arteries. It’s sometimes called ischemic heart disease.

 

symptoms of heart disease

 

Heart infections

 

The term heart infection used to describe conditions such as endocarditis.Symptoms of a heart infection:

  • chest pain
  • chest congestion
  • fever
  • chills
  • skin rash

 

Cardiomyopathy

 

Cardiomyopathy is a disease that causes the muscles of the heart to grow larger and turn rigid, thick, or weak. Symptoms of this condition

 

  • fatigue
  • shortness of breath

 

Arrhythmias

 

Arrhythmias are abnormal heart rhythms. The symptoms you experience may depend on the type of arrhythmia you have — heartbeats that are too fast or too slow. Symptoms of an arrhythmia include:

 

  • chest pain
  • lightheadedness
  • slow pulse
  • fainting spells

 

Coronary artery disease

 

CAD is plaque buildup in the arteries that move oxygen-rich blood through the heart and lungs. Symptoms of CAD

  • chest pain or discomfort
  • feelings of indigestion or gas
  • shortness of breath

 

Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis reduces blood supply to your extremities. In addition to chest pain and shortness of breath, symptoms of atherosclerosis include:

  • coldness, especially in the limbs
  • weakness in your legs and arms
  • numbness, especially in the limbs
  • unusual or unexplained pain
  •  

Case of COVID-19 You Can do to treat yourself at home

Case of COVID-19 You Can do to treat yourself at home

Case of COVID-19 You Can do to treat yourself at home

 

  • Experts say there are a number of supplies you can buy now to prepare to take care of yourself at home.
  • Your grocery items should be fruits and vegetables as well as canned goods with long shelf lives.
  • Cleaning products as well as extra sheets, towels, and handkerchief should also be on hand.
  • Among the medical supplies should be a thermometer, cough medicines, tissues, zinc, and vitamin C.
  • Fresh fruit and vegetables are also important for health and healing.
  • Water should be at the top of the list of supplies you’ll need in the event you contract COVID-19
  • COVID-19 is a viral infection and like most viral infections, treatment is all about comfort and keeping well enough while your body heals.
  • Healthy hydration levels can help your nose by maintaining that the mucous membrane is intact,” she added. “This could help decrease nasal irritation when coughing, sneezing, and even just breathing. Moisture also helps heal broken membranes so additional bacteria don’t get into the body.
  • In most instances, tap or bottled water is fine. If you’re relying on bottled water, recommend keeping at least a 15-day supply on hand.
  • Viral droplets spread by coughing, sneezing, or spitting is one of the primary ways that COVID-19 spreads from person to person.
  • With COVID-19 straining healthcare resources, it’s important to have supplies on hand to treat minor injuries at home.
  • If you’re sick, you need to stay in a single, separate room away from other people as much as possible. Ideally, choose a room with a separate bathroom.
  • Gloves, soap, hand sanitizer, surface-cleaning products, mops, and sponges will help prevent the spread of COVID-19 in your household.