Make healthy food choices and eat right to help strengthen your body’s immune system. The main tasks of the body’s immune system are: to fight disease-causing germs (pathogens) like bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi, and to remove them from the body, and to fight disease-causing changes in the body, such as cancer cells. The way your body fights an infection depends on your overall health. Regular exercise, sufficient sleep, low stress levels and a nutrient rich food helps increase your body’s capability of fighting a disease.
Choose to eat right
Some compounds have properties that help make your immune system strong and help your fight diseases. Here is a list of must-haves in your daily diet:
Vitamins, Minerals, and Antioxidants:Studies have shown that fruits and vegetables provide nutrients—like beta-carotene, vitamin C, and vitamin E—that can boost immune function. Many of the vegetables, fruits, and other plant-based foods are also rich in antioxidants, they help reduce oxidative stress.
Beta-Carotene: Beta-carotene is a powerful antioxidant that can reduce inflammation and boost immune function by increasing disease-fighting cells in the body. Excellent sources include sweet potatoes, carrots, and green leafy vegetables.
Vitamin C and E: Vitamins C and E are antioxidants that help to destroy free radicals and support the body’s natural immune response. Sources of vitamin C include red peppers, oranges, strawberries, broccoli, mangoes, lemons, and other fruits and vegetables. Vitamin E sources include nuts, seeds, spinach.
Vitamin D: Research shows vitamin D supplementation may reduce the risk for viral infections, including respiratory tract infections, by reducing the production of pro-inflammatory compounds in the body. Food sources of vitamin D include fortified cereals and milk and dairy products.
Zinc: Zinc is a mineral that can help boost white blood cells, which defend against invaders. Sources include nuts, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, beans, and lentils.
Healthy eating tips
You may be eating the most nutritious diet but some dietary mistakes can weaken your immune system and have adverse effects on your health. Here are a few guidelines to follow to help preserve your immunity:
Diseases of immune system arise due to disturbance in Ojas as per Ayurveda and it is the essence of all Bodily tissues (Dhatus) starting from Lymphatic System (Rasa) to Reproductive System (Shukra) which is responsible for strength and immunity. Food is the basis of all life as well as of Strength, Complexion and Ojas.  The concept of Ojas (Vital strength) explains the direct correlation between digestion and immunity. Ojas is the final product of physiological transformation happening in our body as part of tissue nourishment. It is considered as the essence of the food we consume, and a healthy level of it indicates proper tissue nourishment.
Rasa (lymphatic and blood capillaries along with whole blood) is also one of the closely resembling synonyms of Oja as it contains antibodies and cells which develop the immunity power of body. Oja appeared foremost in the human body during embryogenesis.Further nutrition and enrichment in the quantity of Ojas takes place by nutrient materials (Ahararasa), which is derived from mother’s body and possesses qualities similar to Ojas and it also simultaneously nourishes the growing embryo. Thus, it is obvious that Ojas is produced and nourished from food substances, which are conductive to Ojas. Wholesome Diet and Rasayan Dravya (Plants for rejuvenation) should be administered to maintain Ojas in its optimal state.Immunity is the only way for every human being to fight against causative factors of diseases. Ayurveda has described the concept of Ojas which can be equated to Immunity. Proper and wholesome diet is the main source for getting optimum status of Ojas to fight against diseases. Ayurveda has described the wholesome diet which can be digested by proper digestive power and results the best Immunity i.e. Ojas. Therefore, Ojas is most obligatory for learn to live with virus now a days in this Pandemic era.
In contrast to the flu, a common cold can be caused by many different types of viruses. The condition is generally harmless and symptoms usually resolve within two weeks. Symptoms include a runny nose, sneezing and congestion. High fever or severe symptoms are reasons to see a doctor, especially in children.
What’s the difference between a cold and the flu
The common cold and the flu may seem similar at first. They’re both respiratory illnesses and can cause similar symptoms. But different viruses cause these two conditions. cold and the flu share a few common symptoms.
runny or stuffy nose
symptoms of the flu
The flu causes an increase in your body temperature. This is also known as a fever. Most flu-related fevers range from a low-grade fever around 100°F (37.8°C) to as high as 104°F (40°C). Although alarming, it’s not uncommon for young children to have higher fevers than adults. If you suspect your child has the flu, see your doctor.
symptoms of the Cough
persistent cough is common with the flu. The cough may worsen, becoming uncomfortable and painful. You may also experience shortness of breath or chest discomfort during this time. Many flu-related coughs can last for about two weeks.
effects of the flu
most common side effects of the flu:
mild aches and stiffness
soreness around the flu shot injection site
low-grade fever in the days immediately following the injection
Treat symptoms such as headache and fever with OTC medications.
Drink plenty of fluids. This includes water, soup, and low-sugar flavored drinks.
Wash your hands to prevent spreading the virus to other surfaces or to other people in your house.
Cover your coughs and sneezes with tissues. Immediately dispose of those tissues.Cover your coughs and sneezes with tissues. Immediately dispose of those tissues.
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that can cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases like Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).
How is the virus transmitted
Current estimates of the incubation period of the virus range from 2–10 days, but more information about the mode of transmission is needed to confirm this. Experts are also still unclear whether transmission can occur from asymptomatic individuals or during the incubation period.
To prevent the spread of the novel coronavirus, the public should follow standard infection prevention recommendations including regular hand washing, covering the mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, and thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Where possible, people should avoid close contact with persons showing symptoms of respiratory illness, including coughing and sneezing.
What are the symptoms
Doctors are learning new things about this virus every day. So far we know that COVID-19 may not initially cause any symptoms.
You may carry the virus for 2 days or up to 2 weeks
Some common symptoms that have been specifically linked to the 2019 coronavirus include:
feeling short of breath.
having a cough that gets more severe over time.
a low-grade fever that gradually increases in temperature.
The main symptoms that have been specifically linked to the 2019 coronavirus include:
COVID-19 versus the flu:-
The symptoms of COVID-19 are similar to that of the influenza (flu) virus.
some common symptoms of a flu infection:
runny or stuffy nose.
What causes coronaviruses
Coronaviruses are zoonotic. This means they first develop in animals before developing in humans.
Once the virus develops in people, coronaviruses can be spread from person to person through respiratory droplets. This is a technical name for the wet stuff that moves through the air when you cough or sneeze.
The viral material hangs out in these droplets and can be breathed into the respiratory tract (your windpipe and lungs), where the virus can then lead to an infection.The 2019 coronavirus hasn’t been definitively linked to a specific animal.
Washing your hands and disinfecting surfaces can help decrease your risk for catching this or other viruses.
How are coronaviruses diagnosed.
The 2019 coronavirus can be diagnosed similarly to other viral infections: using a blood, saliva, or tissue sample.
Talk to your doctor right away if you think you have a coronavirus infection, especially if you’ve traveled to China in the past 14 days. Your doctor will speak to local public health officials to provide guidance on whether testing for the virus is needed.
A lab technician will either draw a sample of your blood with a needle or use a cotton swab to take a small sample of saliva or respiratory secretions from your nose or the back of your throat.
There’s currently no treatment specifically approved for the 2019 coronavirus, and no cure for an infection, although treatments and vaccines are currently under study. Instead, treatment focuses on managing symptoms as the virus runs its course.
Seek immediate medical help if you think you have COVID-19. Than your doctor will recommend treatment for any symptoms
Other coronaviruses like SARS and MERS do have vaccines and treatments. Some treatments for these similar viruses include: