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Knowledge Sharing on Overweight and Obesity

Knowledge Sharing on Overweight and Obesity

Overweight and Obesity

What Health Problems Can Obesity Cause?

Obesity puts kids at risk for medical problems that can affect their health now and in the future. These include serious conditions like type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol — all once considered adult diseases.

 

Overweight and obese kids are also at risk for:

 

bone and joint problems

shortness of breath that makes exercise, sports, or any physical activity more difficult. This also can make asthma symptoms worse or lead kids to develop asthma.

restless sleep or breathing problems at night, such as obstructive sleep apnea

a tendency to mature earlier. Overweight kids may be taller and more sexually mature than their peers, raising expectations that they should act as old as they look, not as old as they are. Overweight girls may have irregular menstrual cycles and fertility problems in adulthood.

liver and gallbladder disease

Cardiovascular risk factors (including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes) that develop in childhood can lead to heart disease, heart failure, and stroke in adulthood. Preventing or treating overweight and obesity in kids may help protect them from these problems as they get older.

 

Obese kids also might have emotional issues to deal with (such as low self-esteem), and may be teased, bullied, or rejected by peers. Kids who are unhappy with their weight can be at risk for:

 

unhealthy dieting and eating disorders

depression

substance abuse

How Are Overweight and Obesity Defined?

Body mass index (BMI) uses height and weight measurements to estimate a person’s body fat. But calculating BMI on your own can be complicated. An easier way is to use a BMI calculator.

 

On a standard BMI chart, kids ages 2 to 19 fall into one of four categories:

 

underweight: BMI below the 5th percentile

normal weight: BMI at the 5th and less than the 85th percentile

overweight: BMI at the 85th and below 95th percentiles

obese: BMI at or above 95th percentile

For kids younger than 2 years old, doctors use weight-for-length charts instead of BMI to determine how a baby’s weight compares with his or her length. Any child under 2 who falls at or above the 95th percentile may be considered overweight.

 

BMI is not a perfect measure of body fat and can be misleading in some cases. For example, a muscular person may have a high BMI without being overweight (extra muscle adds to body weight — but not fatness). Also, BMI might be hard to interpret during puberty when kids have periods of fast growth. Remember, BMI is usually a good indicator of body fat, but it’s not a direct measurement.

 

If you’re worried, take your child or teen to see the doctor. The doctor will ask about eating and activity habits and make suggestions on how to make positive changes. The doctor also may order blood tests to look for some of the medical problems associated with obesity.

 

Depending on your child’s BMI (or weight-for-length measurement) and health, the doctor may refer you to a registered dietitian or a weight management program.

 

Why Do Kids Become Overweight or Obese?

A number of things contribute to a person becoming overweight. Diet habits, lack of exercise, genetics, or a combination of these can be involved. In some instances, too much weight gain may be due to an endocrine problem, genetic syndrome , or some medicines.

 

Diet and Lifestyle

Much of what we eat is quick and easy — from fat-filled fast food to processed and prepackaged meals. Daily schedules are so busy that there’s little time to make healthier meals or to squeeze in some exercise. Portion sizes, in the home and out, are too large.

 

Plus, modern life is sedentary. Kids spend more time playing with electronic devices than actively playing outside. Kids who watch TV more than 4 hours a day are more likely to be overweight compared with kids who watch 2 hours or less. And kids who have a TV in the bedroom also are more likely to be overweight.

 

Exercise and Physical Activity

Many kids don’t get enough physical activity. Older kids and teens should get 1 hour or more of moderate to vigorous exercise every day, including aerobic and muscle- and bone-strengthening activities. Kids ages 2 to 5 years should play actively several times each day.

 

Genetics

Genetics can play a role in what kids weigh. Our genes help determine body type and how the body stores and burns fat. But genes alone can’t explain the current obesity crisis. Because both genes and habits are passed down from one generation to the next, multiple members of a family may struggle with weight.

 

People in the same family tend to have similar eating patterns, levels of physical activity, and attitudes toward being overweight. A child’s chances of being overweight increase if one or both parent is overweight or obese.

 

How Can We Prevent Overweight and Obesity?

The key to keeping kids of all ages at a healthy weight is taking a whole-family approach. Make healthy eating and exercise a family affair. Get your kids involved by letting them help you plan and prepare healthy meals. Take them along when you go grocery shopping. Teach them how to make good food choices.

 

Try to avoid these common traps:

 

Don’t reward kids for good behavior or try to stop bad behavior with sweets or treats. Find other ways to change behavior.

Don’t have a clean-plate policy. Even babies turn away from the bottle or breast to send signals that they’re full. If kids are satisfied, don’t force them to keep eating. Reinforce the idea that they should only eat when they’re hungry.

Don’t talk about “bad foods” or completely ban all sweets and favorite snacks. Kids may rebel and overeat forbidden foods outside the home or sneak them in on their own. Serve healthy foods most of the time and offer treats once in a while.

Recommendations by Age

Additional recommendations for kids of all ages:

 

Ages 1 to 5: Start good habits early. Help shape food preferences by offering a variety of healthy foods. Encourage kids’ natural tendency to be active and help them build on developing skills.

Ages 6 to 12: Encourage kids to be physically active every day, whether through an organized sports team or a pick-up game of soccer during recess. Keep your kids active at home with everyday activities like playing outside or going for a family walk. Let them be more involved in making good food choices, such as packing lunch.

Ages 13 to 18: Teach teens how to prepare healthy meals and snacks at home. Encourage them to make healthy choices when outside the home and to be active every day.

All ages: Cut down on TV, phone, computer, and video game time and discourage eating in front of a screen (TV or otherwise). Serve a variety of healthy foods and eat family meals together as often as possible. Encourage kids to eat breakfast every day, have at least five servings of fruits and vegetables daily, and limit sugar-sweetened beverages.

Talk to kids about the importance of eating well and being active. Be a role model by eating well, exercising regularly, and building healthy habits into your own daily life. Make it a family affair that will become second nature for everyone.

>Right nutrition = Strong immunity

>Right nutrition = Strong immunity

Make healthy food choices and eat right to help strengthen your body’s immune system. The main tasks of the body’s immune system are: to fight disease-causing germs (pathogens) like bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi, and to remove them from the body, and to fight disease-causing changes in the body, such as cancer cells. The way your body fights an infection depends on your overall health. Regular exercise, sufficient sleep, low stress levels and a nutrient rich food helps increase your body’s capability of fighting a disease.

Choose to eat right

Some compounds have properties that help make your immune system strong and help your fight diseases. Here is a list of must-haves in your daily diet:

  • Vitamins, Minerals, and Antioxidants: Studies have shown that fruits and vegetables provide nutrients—like beta-carotene, vitamin C, and vitamin E—that can boost immune function. Many of the vegetables, fruits, and other plant-based foods are also rich in antioxidants, they help reduce oxidative stress.
  • Beta-Carotene: Beta-carotene is a powerful antioxidant that can reduce inflammation and boost immune function by increasing disease-fighting cells in the body. Excellent sources include sweet potatoes, carrots, and green leafy vegetables.
  • Vitamin C and E: Vitamins C and E are antioxidants that help to destroy free radicals and support the body’s natural immune response. Sources of vitamin C include red peppers, oranges, strawberries, broccoli, mangoes, lemons, and other fruits and vegetables. Vitamin E sources include nuts, seeds, spinach.
  • Vitamin D: Research shows vitamin D supplementation may reduce the risk for viral infections, including respiratory tract infections, by reducing the production of pro-inflammatory compounds in the body. Food sources of vitamin D include fortified cereals and milk and dairy products.
  • Zinc: Zinc is a mineral that can help boost white blood cells, which defend against invaders. Sources include nuts, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, beans, and lentils.

Healthy eating tips

  • You may be eating the most nutritious diet but some dietary mistakes can weaken your immune system and have adverse effects on your health. Here are a few guidelines to follow to help preserve your immunity:

    • Avoid eating processed foods
    • Reduce sugar intake
    • Choose plant-based, whole foods
    • Say “No” to alcohol
Learn to Live by Boosting Vital Strength (Ojas)

Learn to Live by Boosting Vital Strength (Ojas)

Diseases of immune system arise due to disturbance in Ojas as per Ayurveda and it is the essence of all Bodily tissues (Dhatus) starting from Lymphatic System (Rasa) to Reproductive System (Shukra) which is responsible for strength and immunity. Food is the basis of all life as well as of Strength, Complexion and Ojas. [1] The concept of Ojas (Vital strength) explains the direct correlation between digestion and immunity. Ojas is the final product of physiological transformation happening in our body as part of tissue nourishment. [2] It is considered as the essence of the food we consume, and a healthy level of it indicates proper tissue nourishment.

Rasa (lymphatic and blood capillaries along with whole blood) is also one of the closely resembling synonyms of Oja as it contains antibodies and cells which develop the immunity power of body. Oja appeared foremost in the human body during embryogenesis. [3] Further nutrition and enrichment in the quantity of Ojas takes place by nutrient materials (Ahararasa), which is derived from mother’s body and possesses qualities similar to Ojas and it also simultaneously nourishes the growing embryo. Thus, it is obvious that Ojas is produced and nourished from food substances, which are conductive to Ojas. Wholesome Diet and Rasayan Dravya (Plants for rejuvenation) should be administered to maintain Ojas in its optimal state.[4] Immunity is the only way for every human being to fight against causative factors of diseases. Ayurveda has described the concept of Ojas which can be equated to Immunity. Proper and wholesome diet is the main source for getting optimum status of Ojas to fight against diseases. Ayurveda has described the wholesome diet which can be digested by proper digestive power and results the best Immunity i.e. Ojas. Therefore, Ojas is most obligatory for learn to live with virus now a days in this Pandemic era.

Reference

  1. Shashtri Ambikadutta. (Editors) Vedotpatti, Sushruta Samhita, Varanasi: Chaukambha Sanskrita Sansthan; Reprint 2006:5.
  2. Charaka Samhita (Vaidya manorama Hindi commentary). Shukla V, Tripathi R, editors. 1 st ed. New Delhi: Choukhambha Sanskrit publication; 2010. Sutrasthana, 17/75.p.267.
  3. Astanga Hridayam. Murtthy KRS, editor. 9th ed. Varanasi: Choukhambha Krishnadas Academy; 2013. Sutrasthana, 11/39-40. p.164.
  4. Taneja SS, Shah O. Complications of Urologic Surgery E-Book: Prevention and Management. Elsevier Health Sciences; 2017 Sep 7.

Cold And Flu

Cold And Flu

What is cold and flu

In contrast to the flu, a common cold can be caused by many different types of viruses. The condition is generally harmless and symptoms usually resolve within two weeks.
Symptoms include a runny nose, sneezing and congestion. High fever or severe symptoms are reasons to see a doctor, especially in children.

What’s the difference between a cold and the flu

The common cold and the flu may seem similar at first. They’re both respiratory illnesses and can cause similar symptoms. But different viruses cause these two conditions.
cold and the flu share a few common symptoms.

  • body aches
  • runny or stuffy nose
  • sneezing
  • general fatigue

symptoms of the flu

The flu causes an increase in your body temperature. This is also known as a fever. Most flu-related fevers range from a low-grade fever around 100°F (37.8°C) to as high as 104°F (40°C).
Although alarming, it’s not uncommon for young children to have higher fevers than adults. If you suspect your child has the flu, see your doctor.

symptoms of the Cough

persistent cough is common with the flu. The cough may worsen, becoming uncomfortable and painful. You may also experience shortness of breath or chest discomfort during this time. Many flu-related coughs
can last for about two weeks.

effects of the flu

most common side effects of the flu:

  • mild aches and stiffness
  • soreness around the flu shot injection site
  • low-grade fever in the days immediately following the injection

Treatment

Treatment include:

  • Treat symptoms such as headache and fever with OTC medications.
  • Drink plenty of fluids. This includes water, soup, and low-sugar flavored drinks.
  • Wash your hands to prevent spreading the virus to other surfaces or to other people in your house.
  • Cover your coughs and sneezes with tissues. Immediately dispose of those tissues.Cover your coughs and sneezes with tissues. Immediately dispose of those tissues.


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coronavirus

coronavirus

What is the coronavirus

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that can cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases like Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

How is the virus transmitted

Current estimates of the incubation period of the virus range from 2–10 days, but more information about the mode of transmission is needed to confirm this. Experts are also still unclear whether transmission can occur from
asymptomatic individuals or during the incubation period.

To prevent the spread of the novel coronavirus, the public should follow standard infection prevention recommendations including regular hand washing, covering the mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, and
thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Where possible, people should avoid close contact with persons showing symptoms of respiratory illness, including coughing and sneezing.

What are the symptoms

Doctors are learning new things about this virus every day. So far we know that COVID-19 may not initially cause any symptoms.

You may carry the virus for 2 days or up to 2 weeks

Some common symptoms that have been specifically linked to the 2019 coronavirus include:

  • feeling short of breath.
  • having a cough that gets more severe over time.
  • a low-grade fever that gradually increases in temperature.

The main symptoms that have been specifically linked to the 2019 coronavirus include:

COVID-19 versus the flu:-

The symptoms of COVID-19 are similar to that of the influenza (flu) virus.

some common symptoms of a flu infection:

  • runny or stuffy nose.
  • cough.
  • sneezing.
  • sore throat.
  • fever.headache.
  • fatigue.
  • chills.
  • body aches.

What causes coronaviruses

Coronaviruses are zoonotic. This means they first develop in animals before developing in humans.

Once the virus develops in people, coronaviruses can be spread from person to person through respiratory droplets. This is a technical name for the wet stuff that moves through the air when you cough or sneeze.

The viral material hangs out in these droplets and can be breathed into the respiratory tract (your windpipe and lungs), where the virus can then lead to an infection.The 2019 coronavirus hasn’t been definitively linked to a specific animal.

Increased risk

Washing your hands and disinfecting surfaces can help decrease your risk for catching this or other viruses.

How are coronaviruses diagnosed.

The 2019 coronavirus can be diagnosed similarly to other viral infections: using a blood, saliva, or tissue sample.

Talk to your doctor right away if you think you have a coronavirus infection, especially if you’ve traveled to China in the past 14 days. Your doctor will speak to local public health officials to provide guidance on whether
testing for the virus is needed.

A lab technician will either draw a sample of your blood with a needle or use a cotton swab to take a small sample of saliva or respiratory secretions from your nose or the back of your throat.

treatments

There’s currently no treatment specifically approved for the 2019 coronavirus, and no cure for an infection, although treatments and vaccines are currently under study. Instead, treatment focuses on managing symptoms as the
virus runs its course.

Seek immediate medical help if you think you have COVID-19. Than your doctor will recommend treatment for any symptoms

Other coronaviruses like SARS and MERS do have vaccines and treatments. Some treatments for these similar viruses include:

  • antiviral or retroviral medications
  • breathing support like mechanical ventilation
  • steroids to reduce lung swelling
  • blood plasma transfusions