Heart disease is not a single disease but it is a group of terms in which blood
vessels supplying blood to the heart gets damaged.
Below some of the common sign and symptoms of cardiac diseases.
1) Shortness of breath
shortness of breath is commonly seen in patients with heart disease. Difficulty in
breathing on physical exertion may indicate a problem in the heart valves or could be due to
inflammation and weakening of the heart muscle.
2) Chest pain
Chest pain is a classic symptom of heart attack and coronary artery disease. Type and
duration of chest pain indicates the underlying heart disease. Pain could be short-term, constant,
stabbing or sharp in nature.
3) Swelling in feet
People with congestive heart failure develop swelling in the feet and ankles due to reduction in the
blood pumping capacity of the heart reduce. This eventually affects the kidneys which respond by
retaining more fluid in the body. The fluid starts getting accumulated in the feet and other parts of
4) Cold sweat
A person who is likely to get a heart attack may start sweating profusely without any apparent
physical exertion. Heart failure results in over stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system that
leads to sweating.
Symptoms of heart disease may vary in men & women. In women common symptoms of heart
failure/heart attack is unexplained overall tiredness and fatigue. Fatigue is also common in the
older people with diabetes who also suffer from heart disease.
6) Irregular pulse rate.
Rapid pulse rate or strong heart beat is a usual complaint made by people visiting a cardiologist.
Palpitations could indicate a heart problem when associated with shortness of breath, weakness
sweating and other symptoms.
7) Pain in the hands
Some people may experience intermittent or constant pain in the shoulder that radiates to the
entire left arm and even the back.
Understanding different types of heart diseases is important and one needs to understand its signs
and symptoms. Precautionary measures are necessary to avoid any hazard.