High blood pressure is also commonly known as hypertension. Today hypertension has become one of the most common lifestyle diseases. Every third person is suffering from it. High blood pressure can cause many health problems if left untreated or uncontrolled. Proper diagnosis and treatment are essential for hypertension.
The Blood pressure is the amount of force of your blood which pushes against the walls of your arteries. In a high blood pressure, the walls of the arteries receive too much of pressure repeatedly.
Blood pressure is recorded with two numbers:
The systolic pressure (higher number): is the force at which your heart pumps blood.
The diastolic pressure (lower number): is the resistance to the blood flow to the blood vessels.
Both systolic and diastolic pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). A person is said to be having a high blood pressure if his blood pressure is 140/90 or higher.
Blood Pressure Categories
Hypertension (low blood pressure)
- Systolic mm Hg 90 or less, or
- Diastolic mm Hg 60 or less
- Systolic mm Hg 90-119, and
- Diastolic mm Hg 60-79
Hypertension (high blood pressure)
- Systolic mm Hg 140-159, or
- Diastolic mm Hg 90-99
Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure:
It’s Symptoms typically include:
- Headache – (for several days.)
- Nausea – Unease, and discomfort in the stomach with an urge to vomit.
- Blurred vision
- Palpitations – sensations of an irregular or forceful beating of the heart.
Diagnostic Tests For High Blood Pressure:
To measure blood pressure, we normally gauge two type of pressure: systolic and diastolic pressure.
But to diagnose hypertension in patients just one blood pressure reading is not enough. Hence doctor also orders other different tests to diagnose high blood pressure like:
- Urine and blood tests
- Exercise stress test
- ECG (electrocardiogram)
If person’s having blood pressure levels are 180/110 mm Hg or higher, the doctor will refer the patients to the specialist (cardiologist) for proper medication and treatment. And if the person is having slightly elevated blood pressure doctor will suggest some lifestyle changes.
Check with a Doctor or health care professional to discuss your lifestyle, Regular health check and slight changes in lifestyle can help control hypertension.
Some lifestyle changes that can help reduce your blood pressure:
- Eat Healthily.
- Lower salt (sodium) intake.
- Exercise Regularly.
- Lose weight if you are overweight.
- Cut down on caffeine an alcohol.
- Get proper sleep.
Get Proper health checkup and top diagnostic services at PDC Health diagnostic center.