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Overview :

Sleep disorders are conditions that disturb your normal sleep patterns. There are more than 80 different sleep disorders.

Some major types of Sleep disorders include :

1) Parasomnia
– acting in unusual ways while falling asleep, sleeping, or waking from sleep, such as walking, talking, or eating.

2) Circadian rhythm disorders
– problems with the sleep-wake cycle. They make you unable to sleep and wake at the right times.

3) Hypersomnia
– being unable to stay awake during the day. This includes narcolepsy, which causes extreme daytime sleepiness.

4) Sleep apnea
– a breathing disorder in which you stop breathing for 10 seconds or more during sleep

5) Insomnia
– being unable to fall asleep and stay asleep. This is the most common sleep disorder.
The amount of sleep you need depends on several factors, including your age, lifestyle, health, and whether you have been getting enough sleep recently. Most adults need about 7-8 hours each night.
What causes sleep disorders ?

There are different causes for different sleep disorders which including Other conditions,
such as

  • heart disease
  • lung disease
  • nerve disorders
  • Medicines
  • Genetics
  • pain Mental illnesses including depression and anxiety

What are the symptoms of sleep disorders ?
The symptoms of sleep disorders depend on the specific disorder. Some signs that you may have a sleep disorder include that…

  • You regularly take more than 30 minutes each night to fall asleep.
  • Your bed partner notices that your legs or arms jerk often during sleep.
  • You have vivid, dreamlike experiences while falling asleep or dozing.
  • You have episodes of sudden muscle weakness when you are angry or fearful, or when you laugh.
  • You feel as though you cannot move when you first wake up.

How are sleep disorders diagnosed ?
The most common types of sleep studies monitor and record data about your body during a full night of sleep. The data includes

* Brain wave changes
* Eye movements
* Breathing rate
* Blood pressure
* Heart rate and electrical activity of the heart and other muscles
What are the treatments for sleep disorders ?
Treatments for sleep disorders depend on which disorder you have. They may include

1. Good sleep habits and other lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet and exercise
2. Cognitive behavioral therapy or relaxation techniques to reduce anxiety about getting enough sleep
3. CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) machine for sleep apnea
4. Bright light therapy (in the morning)
5. Medicines, including sleeping pills. Usually, providers recommend that you use sleeping pills for a short period of time.